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Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law. 
07 January 2000. 
This e-text is based upon two separate editions of the Siva Samhita: 

* The 1914 edition translated by Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu, published by Apurva Krishna Bose of the 
Indian press; 

* an unidentified edition with a missing title, indica, and some of the pages of the first chapter, but containing 
the verses from chapter IV that were not included in the Indian Press edition (i.e., verses 53 through 79 under 
the heading "Vajrondi Mudra"). 

The Sanskrit text is omitted due to the impossibility of representing it in ASCII. Where italic text is to be 
represented it is enclosed in <>. Where comment is needed it is enclosed in square brackets []. 

All copyrights are retained on this E-text of the Siva Samhita: it is not delivered into the public domain. Free 
distribution is allowed as long as this complete notice is left intact. 

All responsibility for use, misuse, or injury to any persons is totally the responsibility of the responsible parties, and 
not the responsibility of the party responsible for this E-text, or those responsible for its distribution. 

Copyright (c) January 2000 by Monroe P.Munro (Revised March 2000) 

Love is the law, love under will. 

Formatting and some correction by Frater T.S. 


Chapter I Page 2 

Chapter II Page 7 

Chapter III Page 10 

Chapter IV Page 16 

Chapter V Page 21 

It appears that at least some of the text in round brackets is a translator's gloss. In formatting this document I have italicised 
technical Sanskrit terms and transferred MPM's comments to footnotes. I make no comment on MPM's claim of copyright 
over this document, though personally I am dubious about whether ASCII key entry gives the typist copyright over an electronic 
edition of a text - T.S. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter I 


Existence one only. 

I. The jnana (Gnosis) alone is eternal; it is without beginning or end; there exists no other real substance. 
Diversities which we see in the world are results of sense-conditions; when the latter cease, then this Jnana 
alone, and nothing else, remains. 

2-3. I, Ishvara, the lover of my devotees, and Giver of spiritual emancipation to all creatures, thus declare the 
science of yoganasasana (the exposition of Yoga). In it are discarded all those doctrines of disputants, 
which lead to false knowledge. It is for the spiritual disenthralment of persons whose minds are 
undistracted and fully turned towards Me. 

Differences of opinion. 

4. Some praise truth, others purification and asceticism; some praise forgiveness, others equality and sincerity. 

5. Some praise alms-giving, others laud sacrifices made in honor of one's ancestors; some praise action 
{karma), others think dispassion (vairagya) to be the best. 

6. Some wise persons praise the performance of the duties of the householder; other authorities hold up fire- 
sacrifice &c, as the highest. 

7. Some praise mantrayoga, others the frequenting of places of pilgrimage. Thus are the ways which people 
declare emancipation. 

8. Being thus diversely engaged in this world, even those who still know what actions are good and what are 
evil, though free from sin, become subject to bewilderment. 

9. Persons who follow these doctrines, having committed good and bad actions, constantly wander in the 
worlds, in the cycle of births and deaths, bound by dire necessity. 

10. Others, wiser among many, and eagerly devoted to the investigation of the occult, declare that the souls are 
many and eternal, and omnipresent. 

I I . Others say, "Only those things can be said to exist which are perceived by the senses and nothing besides 
them; where is heaven or hell?" Such is their firm belief. 

12. Others believe the world to be a current of consciousness and no material entity; some call the void as the 
greatest. Others believe in two essences - Matter (prakriti) and Spirit (purusa). 

13-14. Thus believing in widely different doctrines, with faces turned away from the supreme goal, they think, 
according to their understanding and education, that this universe is without God; others believe there is a 
God, basing their assertions on various irrefutable arguments, founded on texts declaring difference between 
soul and God, and anxious to establish the existence of God. 

15-16. These and many other sages with various different denominations, have been declared in the Shastras as 
leaders of the human mind into delusion. It is not possible to describe fully the doctrines of these persons so 
fond of quarrel and contention; people thus wander in this universe, being driven away from the path of 

Yoga the only true method 

17. Having studied all the Shastras and having pondered over them well, again and again, this Yoga Sastra has 
been found to be the only true and firm doctrine. 

18. Since by Yoga all this verily is known as a certainty, all exertion should be made to acquire it. What is the 
necessity then of any other doctrines? 

19. This Yoga Shastra, now being declared by us, is a very secret doctrine, only to be revealed to a high-souled 
pious devotee throughout the three worlds. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter I 


20. There are two systems (as found in the Vedas). Karmakanda (ritualism) and jnanakanda (wisdom). 
Jnanakanda and karmakanda are again each subdivided into two parts. 

21. The karmakanda is twofold - consisting of injunctions and prohibitions. 

22. Prohibited acts when done, will certainly bring forth sin; from performance of enjoined acts there certainly 
results merit. 

23. The injunctions are threefold - nitya (regular), naimittika (occasional), and kamya (optional). By the non- 
performance of nitya or daily rites there accrues sin; but by their performance no merit is gained. On the 
other hand, the occasional and optional duties, if done or left undone, produce merit or demerit. 

24. Fruits of actions are twofold - heaven or hell. The heavens are of various kinds and so also hells are 

25. The good actions are verily heaven, and sinful deeds are verily hell; the creation is the natural outcome of 
karma and nothing else. 

26. Creatures enjoy many pleasures in heaven; many intolerable pains are suffered in hell. 

27. From sinful acts pain, from good acts happiness, results. For the sake of happiness, men constantly perform 
good actions. 

28. When the sufferings for evil actions are gone through, then there take place re-births certainly; when the 
fruits of good actions have been exhausted, then also, verily, the result is the same. 

29. Even in heaven there is experiencing of pain by seeing the higher enjoyment of others; verily, there is no 
doubt of it that this whole universe is full of sorrow. 

30. The classifiers of karma have divided it into two parts; good and bad actions; they are the veritable bondage 
of embodied souls each in its turn. 

31. Those who are not desirous of enjoying the fruits of their actions in this or the next world, should renounce 
all actions which are done with an eye to their fruits, and having similarly discarded the attachment for the 
daily and the naimittika acts, should employ themselves in the practice of Yoga. 


32. The wise Yogi, having realized the truth of karmakanda (works), should renounce them; and having left 
both virtue and vice, he must engage in jnanakanda (knowledge). 

33. The Vedic texts, - "The spirit ought to be seen," - "About it one must hear", &c, are the real saviors and 
givers of true knowledge. They must be studied with great care. 

34. That Intelligence, which incites the functions into the paths of virtue or vice, am I. All this universe, 
moveable and immovable, is from me; all things are preserved by me; all are absorbed into me (at the time 
of pralaya; because there exists nothing but the spirit and I am that spirit - there exists nothing else. 

35. As in innumerable cups full of water, many reflections of the sun are seen, but the substance is the same; 
similarly individuals, like cups are innumerable, but the vivifying spirit, like the sun, is one. 

36. As in a dream the one soul creates many objects by mere willing; but on awaking everything vanishes but 
the one soul; so is this universe. 

37. As through illusion a rope appears like a snake, or a pearl-shell like silver; similarly, all this universe is 
superimposed in the Paramatma (the Universal Spirit). 

38. As, when the knowledge of the rope is obtained, the erroneous notion of its being a snake does not remain; 
so, by the arising of the knowledge of self, vanishes this universe based on illusion. 

39. As, when the knowledge of the mother-of-pearl is obtained, the erroneous notion of its being silver does not 
remain; so, through the knowledge of spirit, the world always appears a delusion. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter I 

40. As, when a man besmears his eyelids with the collyrium prepared from the fat of frogs, a bamboo appears 
like a serpent, so the world appears in the Paramatma, owing to the delusive pigment of habit and 

41. As through knowledge of rope the serpent appears a delusion; similarly, through spiritual knowledge, the 
world. As through jaundiced eyes white appears yellow; similarly, through the disease of ignorance, this 
world appears in the spirit - an error very difficult to be removed. 

42. As when the jaundice is removed the patient sees the colour as it is, so when delusive ignorance is 
destroyed, the true nature of the spirit is made manifest. 

43. As a rope can never become a snake, in the past, present or future; so the spirit which is beyond all gunas 
and which is pure, never becomes the universe. 

44. Some wise men, well-versed in Scriptures, receiving the knowledge of spirit, have declared that even Devas 
like Indra, etc., are non-eternal, subject to birth and death, and liable to destruction. 

45. Like a bubble in the sea rising through the agitation of the wind, this transitory world arises from the Spirit. 

46. The Unity exists always; the Diversity does not exist always; there comes a time when it ceases: two-fold, 
three-fold, and manifold distinctions arise only through illusion. 

47. Whatever was, is or will be, either formed or formless, in short, all this universe is superimposed on the 
Supreme Spirit. 

48. Suggested by the Lords of suggestion comes out avidya. It is born of untruth, and its very essence is unreal. 
How can this world with such antecedents (foundations) be true? 

The Spirit. 

49. All this universe, moveable or unmovable, has come out of Intelligence. Renouncing everything else, take 
shelter in it (Intelligence). 

50. As space pervades ajar both inside and out, similarly within and beyond this ever-changing universe, there 
exists one Universal Spirit. 

51. As the space pervading the five false states of matter does not mix with them, so the Spirit does not mix 
with this ever-changing universe. 

52. From Devas down to this material universe all are pervaded by one Spirit. There is one satchitananda 
(Being, Consciousness, and Bliss) all-pervading and secondless. 

53. Since it is not illuminated by another, therefore it is self-luminous; and for that self-luminosity, the very 
nature of Spirit is Light. 

54. Since the Spirit in its nature is not limited by time, or space, it is therefore infinite, all-pervading and 
entirety itself. 

55. Since the Spirit is unlike this world, which is composed of five states of matter, that are false and subject to 
destruction, therefore, it is eternal. It is never destroyed. 

56. Save and beyond it, there is no other substance, therefore, it is one; without it everything else is false; 
therefore, it is True Existence. 

57. Since in this world created by ignorance, the destruction of sorrow means the gaining of happiness; and, 
through Gnosis, immunity from all sorrow ensues; therefore, the Spirit is Bliss. 

58. Since by Gnosis is destroyed the Ignorance, which is the cause of the universe; therefore, the Spirit is 
Gnosis; and this Gnosis is consequently eternal. 

59. Since in time this manifold universe takes its origin, therefore, there is One who is verily the Self, 
unchanging through all times. Who is one, and unthinkable. 

60. All these external substances will perish in the course of time; (but) that Spirit which is indestructable by 
word (will exist) without a second. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter I 

61. Neither ether, air, fire, water, earth, nor their combinations, nor the Devas, are perfect; the Spirit alone is 

Yoga and Maya. 

62. Having renounced all false desires and abandoned all false worldly chains, the Yogi sees certainly in his 
own spirit the Universal Spirit by the self. 

63. Having seen the Spirit, that brings forth happiness, in his own spirit by the help of the self, he forgets this 
universe, and enjoys the ineffable bliss of Samadhi (profound meditation.) 

64. Maya (illusion) is the mother of the universe. Not from any other principle has the universe been created; 
when this maya is destroyed, the world certainly does not exist. 

65. He, to whom this world is but the pleasure-ground of maya, therefore, contemptible and worthless, cannot 
find any happiness in riches, body, etc., nor in pleasures. 

66. This world appears in three different aspects to men - either friendly, inimical, or indifferent; such is 
always found in worldly dealing; there is distinction also in substances, as they are good, bad or indifferent. 

67. That one Spirit, through differentiation, verily becomes a son, a father, etc. The Sacred Scriptures have 
demonstrated the universe to be the freak of maya (illusion). The Yogi destroys this phenomenal universe 
by realizing that it is but the result of adhyaropa (superimposition) and by means of aparada (refutation of 
a wrong belief). 

Definition of a Paramahamsa. 

68. When a person is free from the infinite distinctions and states of existence as caste, individuality etc., then 
he can say that he is indivisible intelligence, and pure Unit. 

Emanation or Evolution. 

69. The Lord willed to create his creatures; from His will came out avidya (Ignorance), the mother of this false 

70. There takes place the conjunction between the Pure Brahma and avidya, from which arises Brahma, from 
which comes out the akasa. 

71. From the akasa emanated the air; from the air came the fire; from fire - water; and from water came the 
earth. This is the order of subtle emanation. 

72. From ether, air; from the air and ether combined came fire; from the triple compound of ether, air and fire 
came water; from the combination of ether, air, fire and water was produced the (gross) earth. 

73. The quality of ether is sound; of air motion and touch. Form is the quality of fire, and taste of water. And 
smell is the quality of earth. There is no gainsaying this. 

74. Akasa has one quality; air two, fire three, water four, and earth five qualities, viz, sound, touch, taste, form 
and smell. This has been declared by the wise. 

75-76. Form is perceived through he eyes, smell through the nose, taste through the tongue, touch through the skin 
and sound through the ear. These are verily the organs of perception. 

77. From Intelligence has come out all this universe, movable and immovable; whether or not its existence can 
be inferred, the 'All Intelligence" One does exist. 

Absorption or Involution. 

78. The earth becomes subtle and is dissolved in water; water is resolved into fire; fire similarly merges in air; 
air gets absorption in ether, and ether is resolved in avidya (Ignorance), which merges into the Great 

79. There are two forces - viksepa, (the out-going energy) and avarana (the transforming energy) which are of 
great potentiality and power, and whose form is happiness. The great maya, when non-intelligent and 
material, has three attributes sattva (rhythm) rajas (energy) and tamas (inertia). 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter I 

80. The non-intelligent form of maya covered by the avarana force (concealment), manifests itself as the 
universe, owing to the nature of viksepa force. 

81. When the avidya has an excess of tamas, then it manifests itself as Durga: the intelligence which presides 
over her is called Isvara. When the avidya has an excess of sattva, it manifests itself as the beautiful 
Lakshimi; the Intelligence which presides over her is called Vishnu. 

82. When the avidya has an excess of rajas, it manifests itself as the wise Saraswati; the intelligence which 
presides over her is known as Brahma. 

83. Gods like Siva, Brahma, Vishnu, etc., are all seen in the great Spirit; bodies and all material objects are the 
various products of avidya. 

84. The wise have thus explained the creation of the world - tattwas (elements) and non-tattwas (non-elements) 
are thus produced - not otherwise. 

85. All things are seen as finite, etc. (endowed with qualities, etc.), and there arise various distinctions merely 
through words and names; but there is no real difference. 

86. Therefore, the things do exist; the great and glorious One that manifests them, alone exists; though things 
are false and unreal, yet, as the reflection of the real, they, for the time being, appear real. 

87. The One Entity, blissful, entire and all-pervading, alone exists, and nothing else; he who constantly realizes 
this knowledge is freed from death and the sorrow of the world-wheel. 

88. When through the knowledge that all is illusory perception (aropa) and by intellectual refutation (apavada) 
of other doctrines, this universe is resolved into the one, then, there exists that One and nothing else; then 
this is clearly perceived by the mind. 

Karma clothes the Jiva with body. 

89. From the Annamiya Kosa (the physical vehicle) of the father, and in accordance with its past karma, the 
human soul is re-incarnated; therefore, the wise consider this beautiful body as a punishment, for the 
suffering of the effects of the past karma. 

90. This temple of suffering and enjoyment (human body), made up of flesh, bones, nerves, marrow, blood, and 
intersected with blood vessels etc., is only for the sake of suffering of sorrow. 

91. This body, the abode of Brahma, and composed of five elements and known as Brahmanda (the egg of 
Brahma or microcosm) has been made for the enjoyment of pleasure or suffering of pain. 

92. From the self-combination of the Spirit which is Siva and the Matter which is Sakti, and, through their 
inherent interaction on each other, all creatures are born. 

93. From the fivefold combination of all subtle elements, in this universe, gross innumerable objects are 
produced. The intelligence that is confined in them, through karma, is called the jiva. All this world is 
derived from the five elements. The jiva is the enjoyer of the fruits of action. 

94. In conformity with the effects of the past karma of the jivas, I regulate all destinies. Jiva is immaterial, and 
is in all things; but it enters the material body to enjoy the fruits of karma. 

95. Bound in the chain of matter by their karma, the jivas receive various names. In this world, the come again 
and again to undergo the consequences of their karma. 

96. When the fruits of karma have been enjoyed, the jiva is absorbed in the Parambrahma. 


(1) The Microcosm. 

1. In this body, the mount Meru - i.e., the vertebral column - is surrounded by seven islands; there are rivers, 
seas, mountains, fields; and lords of the fields too. 

2. There are in it seers and sages; all the stars and planets as well. There are sacred pilgrimages, shrines; and 
presiding deities of the shrines. 

3. The sun and moon, agents of creation and destruction, also move in it. Ether, air, water and earth are also 

(2) The Nerve Centers. 

4. All the beings that exist in the three worlds are also to be found in the body; surrounding the Meru they are 
engaged in their respective functions. 

5. (But ordinary men do not know it). He who knows all this is a Yogi; there is no doubt about it. 

6. In this body, which is called Brahmanda (microcosm, literally the mundane egg), there is the nectar-rayed 
moon, in its proper place, on the top of the spinal cord, with eight Kalas (in the shape of a semi-circle). 

7. This has its face downwards, and rains nectar day and night. The ambrosia further sub-divides itself into 
two subtle parts: 

8. One of these, through the channel named Ida, goes over the body to nourish it, like the waters of the 
heavenly Ganges - certainly this ambrosia nourishes the whole body through the channel of Ida. 

9. This milk-ray (moon) is on the left side. The other ray, brilliant as the purest milk and fountain of great joy, 
enters through the middle path (called sushumna) into the spinal cord, in order to create this moon. 

10. At the bottom of the Meru there is the sun having twelve Kalas. In the right side path (Pingala) the lord of 
creatures carries (the fluid) through its rays upwards. 

11. It certainly swallows the vital secretions, and ray-exuded nectar. Together with the atmosphere, the sun 
moves through the whole body. 

12. The right-side vessel, which is pingala is another form of the sun, and is the giver of nirvana. The lord of 
creation and destruction (the sun) moves in this vessel through auspicious ecliptical signs. 

(3) The Nerves. 

13. In the body of man there are 3,500,000 nadis; of them the principal are fourteen; 

14-15. Sushumna, Ida, Pingala, Gandhari, Hastijihvika, Kuhu, Saraswati, Pusa, Sankhini, Payaswani, Varuni, 
Alumbusa, Vishwodari, and Yasaswani. Among these Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are the chief. 

16. Among these three, sushumna alone is the highest and beloved of the Yogis. Other vessels are subordinate 
to it in the body. 

17. All these principal nadis (vessels) have their mouths downwards, and are like thin threads of lotus. They 
are all supported by the vertebral column, and represent the sun, moon and fire. 

18. The innermost of these three is chitra; it is my beloved. In that there is the subtlest of all hollows called 


19. Brilliant with five colours, pure, moving in the middle of sushumna, this chitra is the vital part of body and 
centre of sushumna. 

20. This has been called in the Shastras the Heavenly Way; this is the giver of the joy of immortality; by 
contemplating it, the greatYogi destroys all sins. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter II 
(4) The Pelvic Region. 

21. Two digits above the rectum and two digits below the linga (penis) is the adhara lotus, having a dimension 
of four digits. 

22. In the pericarp of the adhara lotus there is the triangular, beautiful yoni, hidden and kept secret in all the 

23. In it is the supreme goddess Kundalini of the form of electricity, in a coil. It has three coils and a half (like 
a serpent), and is in the mouth of sushumna. 

24. It represents the creative force of the world, and is always engaged in creation. It is the goddess of speech, 
whom speech cannot manifest, and who is praised by all gods. 

25. The nadi called ida is on the left side coiling round the sushumna, it goes to the right nostril. 

26. The nadi called pingala is on the right side; coiling round the central vessel, it enters the left nostril. 

27. The nadi which is between Ida and Pingala is certainly Sushumna. It has six stages, six forces, 1 six lotuses, 
known to the Yogis. 

28. The first five stages 2 of Sushumna are known under various names; being necessary, they have been made 
known in this book. 

29. The other nadis, rising from <Muladhar>, go to the various parts of the body, e.g. the tongue, penis, eyes, 
feet, toes, ears, the abdomen, the armpit, fingers of the hands, the scrotum and the anus. Having risen from 
their proper place, they stop at their respective destinations, as above described. 

30. From all these (fourteen) nadis, there arise gradually other branches and sub-branches, so that at last they 
become three hundred thousand and a half in number, and supply their respective places. 

3 1 . These nadis are spread through the body cross-wise and length-wise; they are vehicles of sensation and keep 
watch over the movements of the air i.e., they regulate the motor functions also. 

(5) The Abdominal Region. 

32. In the abdomen there burns the fire - digester of food - situated in the middle of the sphere of the sun 
having twelve Kalas. Know this as the fire of Vaiswanara; it is born from a portion of my own energy, and 
digests the various foods of creatures, being inside their bodies. 

33. This fire increases life, and gives strength and nourishment, makes the body full of energy, destroys all 
diseases, and gives health. 

34. The wise Yogi, having kindled this Viswanaric fire according to proper rites, should sacrifice food into it 
every day, in conformity with the teachings of his spiritual teacher. 

35. This body called the Brahmanda (microcosm) has many parts, but I have enumerated the most important of 
them in this book. (Surely) they ought to be known. 

36. Various are their names, and innumerable are the places in this human body; all of them cannot be 
enumerated here. 

(6) The Jivatma. 

37. In the body thus described, there dwelleth the Jiva, all-pervading, adorned with the garland of endless 
desires and chained to the body) by karma. 

38. The Jiva possessed of many qualities and the agent of all events, enjoys the fruits of his various karmas 
amassed in the past life. 

39. Whatever is seen among men (whether pleasure or pain) is born of karma. All creatures enjoy or suffer, 
according to the results of their actions. 

That is, the functions of the Cord, vfe.Reflection, co-ordination, etc. 

The parts of which the Spinal Cord is composed are the Tantrik stages vfe.:-Cervical, Dorsal, Lumbar, Sacral and Coccygeal. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter II 

40. The desires, etc., which cause pleasure or pain, act according to the past karma of the Jiva. 

41. The Jiva that has accumulated an excess of good and virtuous actions receives a happy life; and in the world 
he gets pleasant and good things to enjoy, without any trouble. 

42. In proportion to the force of his karma, man suffers misery or enjoys pleasure. The Jiva that has 
accumulated an excess of evil never stays in peace - it is not separate from its karmas; except karma, there 
is nothing in this world. From the Intelligence veiled by maya, all things have been evolved. 

43. As in their proper season, various creatures are born to enjoy the consequences of their karma; as through 
mistake a pearl-shell is taken for silver, so through the taint of one's own karmas, a man mistakes Brahman 
for the material universe. 

44. From desire all these delusions arise; they can be eradicated with great difficulty; when the salvation-giving 
knowledge of the unreality of the world arises, then are desires destroyed. 

45. Being engrossed in the manifested (objective) world, the delusion arises about that which is the manifestor - 
the subject. There is no other, (cause of this delusion). Verily, verily, I tell you the truth. 

46. The illusion of the manifested (objective world) is destroyed when the Maker of the Manifest becomes 
manifest. This illusion does not cease so long as one thinks, "Brahma is not." 

47. By looking closely and deeply into the matter, this false knowledge vanishes. It cannot be removed 
otherwise; the delusion of silver remains. 

48. As long as knowledge does not arise about the stainless Manifestor of the universe, so long all things appear 
separate and many. 

49. When this body, obtained through karma, is made the means of obtaining nirvana (divine beatitude); then 
only the carrying of the burden becomes fruitful - not otherwise. 

50. Of whatever nature is the original desire (vasana), that clings to and accompanies the Jiva (through various 
incarnations); similar is the delusion which it suffers, according to its deeds and misdeeds. 

51. If the practiser of Yoga wishes to cross the ocean of the world, he should perform all the duties of his 
ashrama, (the condition of life), renouncing all the fruits of his works. 

52. Persons attached to sensual objects and desirous of sensual pleasures, descend from the road of nirvana, 
through the delusion of much talk, and fall into sinful deeds. 

53. When a person does not see anything else here, having seen the Self by the self; then there is no sin (for him 
if he) renounces all ritual works. This is my opinion. 

54. All desires and the rest are dissolved through Gnosis only, and not otherwise. When all (minor) tattwas 
(principles) cease to exist, then My Tattva becomes manifest. 


On Yoga Practice. The Vayus. 

1. In the heart, there is a brilliant lotus with twelve petals adorned with brilliant sign. It has letters from k to th 

(i.e., k, kh, g, gh, n, ch, chh, j, jh, n, t, th), the twelve beautiful letters. 

2. The Prana lives there, adorned with various desires, accompanied by its past works, that have no beginning, 
and joined with egoism (ahankara.) 

Note: The heart is in the center where there is the seed yam. 

3. From the different modifications of the Prana, it receives various names; all of them cannot be stated here. 

4. Prana, apana, samana, udana, vyana, naga, kurma, Krikara, devadatta, and dhananjaya. 

5. These are the ten principal names, described by me in this Shastra; they perform all functions, incited 
thereto by their own actions. 

6. Again, out of these ten, the first five are the leading ones; even among these, the prana and apana are the 
highest agents, in my opinion. 

7. The seat of the Prana is the heart; of the apana, the anus; of the samana, the region above the navel; of the 
udana, the throat; while the vyana moves all over the body. 

8. The five remaining vayus, etc., perform the following functions in the body: - Eructation, opening the eyes, 
hunger and thirst, gaping or yawning, and lastly hiccup. 

9. He who in this way knows the microcosm of the body, being absolved from all sins, reaches the highest 


(2) The Guru. 

10. Now I will tell you, how easily to attain success in Yoga, by knowing which the Yogis never fail in the 
practice of Yoga. 

11. Only the knowledge imparted by a Guru, through his lips, is powerful and useful; otherwise it becomes 
fruitless, weak and very painful. 

12. He who devoted to any knowledge, while pleasing his Guru with every attention, readily obtains the fruit of 
that knowledge. 

13. There is not the least doubt that Guru is father. Guru is mother, and Guru is God even; and as such, he 
should be served by all with their thought, word and deed. 

14. By Guru's favour everything good relating to one's self is obtained. So the Guru ought to be daily served; 
else there can be nothing auspicious. 

15. Let him salute his Guru after walking three times round him, and touching with his right hand his lotus- 

(3) The Adhikari. 

16. The person who has control over himself attains verily success through faith; none other can succeed. 
Therefore, with faith, the Yoga should be practiced with care and perseverance. 

17. Those who are addicted to sensual pleasures or keep bad company, who are disbelievers, who are devoid of 
respect towards their Guru, who resort to promiscuous assemblies, who are addicted to false and vain 
controversies, who are cruel in their speech, and who do not give satisfaction to their Guru never attain 

18. The first condition of success is the firm belief that it (vidya) must succeed and be fruitful; the second 
condition is having faith in it; the third is respect towards the Guru; the fourth is the spirit of universal 
equality; the fifth is the restraint of the organs of sense; the sixth is moderate eating, these are all. There is 
no seventh condition. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter III 

19. Having received instructions in Yoga, and obtained a Guru who knows Yoga, let him practice with 
earnestness and faith, according to the method taught by the teacher. 

(4) The Place, etc. 

20. Let the Yogi go to a beautiful and pleasant place of retirement or a cell, assume the posture padmasana, and 
sitting on a seat (made of kusa grass) begin to practice the regulation of breath. 

21. The wise beginner should keep his body firm and inflexible, his hands joined as if in supplication, and 
salute the Gurus on the left side. He should also pay salutations to Ganesha on the right side, and again to 
the guardians of the worlds and goddess Ambika who are on the left side. 

(5) The Pranayama. 

22. Then let the wise practitioner close with his right thumb the pingala (right nostril), inspire air through the 
ida (the left nostril); and keep the air confined - suspend his breathing - as long as he can; and afterwards 
let him breathe out slowly, and not forcibly, through the right nostril. 

23. Again, let him draw breath through the right nostril, and stop breathing as long as his strength permits; 
then let him expel the air through the left nostril, not forcibly, but slowly and gently. 

24. According to the above method of Yoga, let him practice twenty kumbhakas (stopping of the breath). He 
should practice this daily without neglect or idleness, and free from all duels (of love and hatred, and doubt 
and contention), etc. 

25. These kumbhakas should be practiced four times - once (1) early in the morning at sunrise, (2) then at mid- 
day, (3) the third at sun-set, and (4) the fourth at mid-night. 

26. When this has been practiced daily, for three months, with regularity, the nadas (the vessels) of the body 
will readily and surely be purified. 

27. When thus the nadas of the truth-perceiving Yogi are purified, then his defects being all destroyed, he 
enters the first stage in the practice of Yoga called arambha. 

28. Certain signs are perceived in the body of the Yogi whose nadas have been purified. I shall describe, in 
brief, all these various signs. 

29. The body of the person practicing the regulation of breath becomes harmoniously developed, emits sweet 
scent, and looks beautiful and lovely. In all kinds of Yoga, there are four stages of pranayama - 1: 
Arambha-avastha (the state of beginning); 2: Ghata-avastha (the state of co-operation of Self and Higher 
Self); 3: Parichaya-avastha (knowledge); 4: Nishpattiavastha (the final consummation). 

30. We have already described the beginning of Arambha-avestha of pranayama; the rest will be described 
hereafter. They destroy all sin and sorrow. 

31. The following qualities are surely always found in the bodies of every Yogi - Strong appetite, good 
digestion, cheerfulness, handsome figure, great courage, mighty enthusiasm and full strength. 

32. Now I tell you the great obstacles to Yoga which must be avoided, as by their removal the Yogis cross this 
sea of worldly sorrow. 

(6) The things to be renounced. 

33. The Yogi should renounce the following; 1: Acids, 2: astringents, 3: pungent substances, 4: salt, 5: mustard, 
and 6: bitter things; 7: much walking, 8: early bathing (before sun-rise) and 9: things roasted in oil; 10 
theft, 11: killing (of animals) 12: enmity towards any person, 13: pride, 14: duplicity, and 15: crookedness 
16: fasting, 17: untruth, 18: thoughts other than those of moksha, 19: cruelty towards animals; 20 
companionship of women, 21: worship of (or handling or sitting near) fire, and 22: much talking, without 
regard to pleasantness or unpleasantness of speech, and lastly, 23: much eating. 

(7) The means. 

34. Now I will tell you the means by which success in Yoga is quickly obtained; it must be kept secret by the 
practitioner so that success may come with certainty. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter III 

35. The great Yogi should observe always the following observances - He should use 1: clarified butter, 2: milk, 
3: sweet food, and 4: betel without lime, 5: camphor; 6: kind words, 7: pleasant monastery or retired cell, 
having a small door; 8: hear discourses on truth, and 9: always discharge his household duties with 
vairagya (without attachment), 10: sing the name of Vishnu; 11: and hear sweet music, 12: have patience, 
13: constancy, 14: forgiveness, 15: austerities, 16: purifications, 17: modesty, 18: devotion, and 19: service 
of the Guru. 

36. When the air enters the sun, it is the proper time for the Yogi to take his food (i.e>, when the breath flows 
through the pingala); when the air enters the moon, he should go to sleep {i.e., when the breath flows 
through the left nostril or the ida). 

37. The Yoga (pranayama) should not be practiced just after the meals, nor when one is very hungry; before 
beginning the practice, some milk and butter should be taken. 

38. When one is well established in his practice, then he need not observe these restrictions. The practitioner 
should eat in small quantities at a time, though frequently; and should practice kumbhaka daily at the stated 

39. When the Yogi can, of his will, regulate the air and stop the breath (whenever and how long) he likes, then 
certainly he gets success in kumbhaka, and from the success in kumbhaka only, what things cannot the Yogi 
command here? 

The first stage. 

40. In the first stage of pranayama, the body of the Yogi begins to perspire. When it perspires, he should rub it 
well, otherwise the body of the Yogi loses its dhatu (humours). 

The second and third stages. 

41. In the second stage, there takes place the trembling of the body; in the third, the jumping about like a frog; 
and when the practice becomes greater, the adept walks in the air. 


42. When the Yogi, though remaining in padmasana, can raise in the air and leave the ground, then know that 
he has gained vayusiddhi (success over air), which destroys the darkness of the world. 

43. But so long (as he does not gain it), let him practice observing all the rules and restrictions laid down above. 
From the perfection of pranayama, follows decrease of sleep, excrements and urine. 

44. The truth-perceiving Yogi becomes free from disease, and sorrow or affliction; he never gets (putrid) 
perspiration, saliva and intestinal worms. 

45. When in the body of the practitioner, there is neither any ncrease of phlegm, wind, nor bile; then he may 
with impunity be rregular in his diet and the rest. 

46. No injurious results then would follow, were the Yogi to take a large quantity of food, or very little, or no 
food at all. hrough the strength of constant practice, the Yogi obtains bhucharisiddhi, he moves as the frog 
jumps over the ground, when frightened away by the clapping of hands. 

47. Verily, there are many hard and almost insurmountable obstacles in Yoga, yet the Yogi should go on with 
his practice at all hazards; even were his life to come to the throat. 

48. Then let the practitioner, sitting in a retired place and restraining his senses, utter by inaudible repetition, 
the long pranava OM, in order to destroy all obstacles. 

49. The wise practitioner surely destroys al his karma, whether acquired in its life or in the past, through the 
regulation of breath. 

50. The great Yogi destroys by sixteen pranayamas the various virtues and vices accumulated in his past life. 

5 1 . This pranayama destroys sin, as fire burns away a heap of cotton; it makes the Yogi free from sin; next it 
destroys the bonds of all his good actions. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter III 

52. The mighty Yogi having attained, through pranayama, the eight sorts of psychic powers, and having 
crossed the ocean of virtue and vice, moves about freely through the three worlds. 

Increase of Duration. 

53. Then gradually he should make himself able to practice for three gharis (one hour and a half at a time, he 
should be able to restrain breath for that period). Through this, the Yogi undoubtedly obtains all the longed- 
for powers. 

Siddhis or Perfections. 

54. The Yogi acquires the following powers: vakya siddhi (prophecy), transporting himself everywhere at will 
(kamachari), clairvoyance (duradristhi), clairaudience (durashruti), subtle-sight (shushma-drishti), and the 
power of entering another's body (parakaypravesana), turning base metals to gold by rubbing them with his 
excrements and urine, and the power of becoming invisible, and lastly, moving in the air. 

II. The Ghata Avasta. 

55. When, by the practice of pranayama, the Yogi reaches the state of ghata (water-jar), then for him there is 
nothing in this circle of universe which he cannot accomplish. 

56. The ghata is said to be that state in which the prana and the apana vayus, the nada and the vindu, the 
jivatma (the Human Spirit) and the Paramatma (the Universal Spirit) combine and co-operate. 

57. When he gets the power of holding breath {i.e., to be in trance) for three hours, then certainly the wonderful 
state of pratyahar is reached without fail. 

58. Whatever object the Yogi perceives, let him consider it to be the spirit. When the modes of action of 
various senses are known, then they can be conquered. 

59. When, through, great practice, the Yogi can perform one kumbhaka for full three hours, when for eight 
dandas (=3 hours) the breathing of the Yogi is suspended, then that wise one can balance himself on his 
thumb; but he appears to others as insane. 

III. The Parichaya 

60. After this, through exercise, the Yogi reaches the Parichaya-avastha. When the air leaving the sun and 
moon (the right and the left nostrils), remains unmoved and steady in the ether of the tube sushumna, then 
it is in the parichaya state. 

61. When he, by the practice of Yoga, acquires power of action (kriya shakti) and pierces through the six 
chakras, and reaches the sure condition of parichaya, then the Yogi, verily, sees the three-fold effects of 

62. Then, let the Yogi destroy the multitude of karmas by the pranava (OM); let him accomplish kayavyhua (a 
mystical process of arranging the various skandas of the body), in order to enjoy or suffer the consequences 
of all his actions in one life, without the necessity of re-birth. 

63. At that time let the great Yogi practice the five-fold dharana forms of concentration on Vishnu, by which 
command over the five elements is obtained, and fear of injuries from any one of them is removed. (Earth, 
water, fire, air, akas cannot harm him.) 

Note: He should perform 5 kumbhakas at each centre or chakra. 

64. Let the wise Yogi practice dharana thus:— five ghatis (2 1/2 hours) in the adhara lotus (muladhara); five 
ghatis in the seat of the linga (svadhisthana), five ghatis in the region above it, (in the navel, manipur), and 
the same in the heart (anahata); five ghatis in the throat (visuddha) and, lastly let him hold dharana for five 
ghatis in the space between the two eye-brows (anjapur). By this practice the elements cease to cause any 
harm to the great Yogi. 

65. The wise Yogi, who thus continually practices concentration (dharana), never dies through hundreds of 
cycles of the great Brahma. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter III 
IV. The Nishpatti. 

66. After this, through gradual exercise, the Yogi reaches the Nishpatti- avestha (the condition of 
consummation). The Yogi, having destroyed all the seeds of karma which existed from the beginning, 
drinks the waters of immortality. 

67. When the jivan-mukta (delivered in the present life,) tranquil Yogi has obtained, through practice, the 
consummation of samadhi (meditation), and when this state of consummated samadhi can be voluntarily 
evoked, then let the Yogi take hold of the chetana (conscious intelligence), together with the air, and with 
the force of (kriya-sakti) conquer the six wheels, and absorb it in the force called jnana-sakti. 

68. Now we have described the management of the air in order to remove the troubles (which await the Yogi); 
through this knowledge of vayu-sadhana vanish all sufferings and enjoyments in the circle of this universe. 

69. When the skilful Yogi, by placing the tongue at the root of the palate, can drink the prana vayu, then there 
occurs complete dissolution of all Yogas (i.e., he is no longer in need of Yoga). 1 

70. When the skilful Yogi, knowing the laws of action of prana and apana, can drink the cold air through the 
concentration of the mouth, in the form of a crow-bill, then he becomes entitled to liberation. 

71. The wise Yogi, who daily drinks the ambrosial air, according to proper rules, destroys fatigue, burning 
(fever), decay and old age, and injuries. 

72. Pointing the tongue upwards, when the yogi can drink the nectar flowing from the moon (situated between 
the two eye-brows), within a month he certainly would conquer death. 

73. When having firmly closed the glottis by the proper yogic method, and contemplating on the goddess 
Kundalini, he drinks (the moon fluid of immortality), he becomes a sage or poet within six months. 

74. When he drinks the air through the crow-bill, both in the morning and in the evening twilight, 
contemplating that it goes to the mouth of the kundalini, consumption of the lungs (phthisis) is cured. 

75. When the wise Yogi drinks the fluid day and night through the crow-beak, his diseases are destroyed: he 
acquires certainly the powers of clairaudience and clairvoyance. 

76. When firmly closing the teeth (by pressing the upper on the lower jaw), and placing the tongue upwards, the 
wise Yogi drinks the fluid very slowly, within a short period he conquers death. 

77. One, who daily continues this exercise for six months only, is freed from all sins, and destroys all diseases. 

78. If he continues this exercise for a year, he becomes a Bhairava; he obtains the powers of anima &c, and 
conquers all elements and the elementals. 

79. If the Yogi can remain for half a second with his tongue drawn upwards, he becomes free from disease, 
death, and old age. 

80. Verily, verily, I tell you the truth that the person never dies who contemplates by pressing the tongue, 
combined with the vital fluid of Prana. 

81. Through this exercise and Yoga, he becomes like Kamadeva, without rival. He feels neither hunger, nor 
thirst, nor sleep, nor swoon. 

82. Acting upon these methods the great Yogi becomes in the world perfectly independent; and freed from all 
obstacles, he can go everywhere. 

83. By practicing thus, he is never reborn, nor is tainted by virtue and vice, but enjoys (for ages) with the gods. 

The postures. 

84. There are eighty-four postures, of various modes. Out of them, four ought tot be adopted, which I mention 
below:— 1, Siddhasana; 2, Padmasana; 3, Ugrasana; 4, Svastikasana. 

1 Or "freedom from all diseases". [Variant reading.] 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter III 

1. Siddhasana. 

85. The Siddhasana that gives success to the practitioner is as follows: Pressing with care by the heel the yoni, 
the other heel the Yogi should place on the lingam; he should fix his gaze upwards on the space between the 
two eyebrows, should be steady, and restrain his senses. His body particularly must be straight and without 
any bend. The place should be a retired one, without any noise. 

86. He who wishes to attain quick consummation of Yoga, by exercise, should adopt the Siddhasana posture, 
and practice regulation of the breath. 

87. Through his posture the Yogi, leaving the world, attains the highest end and throughout the world there is 
no posture more secret than this. By assuming and contemplating in this posture, the Yogi is freed from 

2. The Padmasana. 

88. I now describe the Padmasana which wards off (or cures) all diseases:— Having crossed the legs, carefully 
place the feet on the opposite thighs {i.e., the left foot on the right thigh, and vice versa); cross both the 
hands and place them similarly on the thighs; fix the sight on the tip of the nose; pressing the tongue 
against the root of the teeth, (the chin should be elevated, the chest expanded) then draw the air slowly, fill 
the chest with all your might, and expel it slowly, in an unobstructed stream. 

89. It cannot be practiced by everybody; only the wise attains success in it. 

90. By performing and practicing this posture, undoubtedly the vital airs of the practitioner at once become 
completely equable, and flow harmoniously through the body. 

91. Sitting in the Padmasana posture, and knowing the action of the prana and apana, when the Yogi performs 
the regulation of the breath, he is emancipated. I tell you the truth. Verily, I tell you the truth. 

3. The Ugrasana. 

92. Stretch out both the legs and keep them apart; firmly take hold of the head by the hands, and place them on 
the knees. This is called ugrasana (the stern-posture), it excites the motion of the air, destroys the dullness 
and uneasiness of the body, and is also called paschima-uttana (the posterior crossed posture.) That wise 
man who daily practices this noble posture can certainly induce the flow of the air up through the anus. 

93. Those who practice this obtain all the siddhis; therefore, those, desirous of attaining power, should practice 
this diligently. 

94. This should be kept secret with the greatest care, and not be given to anybody and everybody. Through it, 
vayu-siddhi is easilyobtained, and it destroys a multitude of miseries. 

4. The Svastikasana. 

95. Place the soles of the feet completely under the thighs, keep the body straight, and sit at ease. This is called 
the Svastikasana. 

96. In this way, the wise Yogi should practice the regulation of the air. No disease can attack his body, and he 
obtains vayu-siddhi. 

97. This is also called the sukhasana, the easy posture. This health-giving, good svastikasana should be kept 
secret by the Yogi. 



Yoni-Mudra. The Sacred Drink of the Kaulas. 

1 . First with a strong inspiration fix the mind in the adhar lotus. Then engage in contracting the Yoni, which 
is situated in the perineal space. 

2. There let him contemplate that the God of love resides in that Brahma Yoni and that he is beautiful like 
Bandhuk flower (Pentapetes pheanicia)— brilliant as tens of millions of suns, and cool as tens of millions of 
moons. Above this {Yoni) is a small and subtle flame, whose form is intelligence. Then let him imagine that 
a union takes place there between himself and that flame (the Siva and Sakti). 

3. (Then imagine that) - There go up through the sushumna vessel, three bodies in their due order (i.e., the 
etheric, the astral and the mental bodies). There is emitted in every chakra the nectar, the characteristic of 
which is great bliss. Its colour is whitish rosey (pink), full of splendor, showering down in jets the immortal 
fluid. Let him drink this wine of immortality which is divine, and then again enter the Kula {i.e., perineal 

Note. While these subtle bodies go up, they drink at every stage this nectar, called Kulamrita. 

4. Then let him go again to the Kula through the practice of mantrayoga {i.e., pranayama). This Yoni has 
been called by me in the Tantras as equal to life. 

5. Again let him be absorbed in that Yoni, where dwells the fire of death - the nature of Shiva, &c. Thus has 
been described by me the method of practicing the great Yoni-mudra. From success in its practice, there is 
nothing which cannot be accomplished. 

6. Even those mantras which are deformed {chhinna) or paralyzed {Kilita), scorched {stambhita) by fire, or 
whose flame has become attenuated, or are dark, and ought to be abandoned, or which are evil, or too old, 
or which are proud of their budding youth, or have gone over to the side of the enemy, or weak and 
essenceless without vitality; or which have been divided into hundreds of parts, even they become fertile 
through time and method. All these can give powers and emancipation when properly given to the disciple 
by the Guru, after having initiated him according to proper rites, and bathed him a thousand times. This 
Yoni-mudra has been described, in order that the student may deserve (to be initiated into the mysteries of) 
and receive the mantras. 

7. He who practices Yoni-Mudra is not polluted by sin, were he to murder a thousand Brahmanas or kill all the 
inhabitants of the three worlds — 

8. Were he to kill his teacher or drink wine or commit theft, or violate the bed of his preceptor, he is not 
stained by these sins also, by virtue of this mudra. 

9. Therefore, those who wish for emancipation should practice this daily. Through practice {abhyasa), success 
is obtained; through practice one gains liberation. 

10. Perfect consciousness is gained through practice. Yoga is attained through practice; success in Mudra 
comes by practice; through practice is gained success in pranayama. Death can be cheated of its prey 
through practice, and man becomes the conqueror of death by practice. 

1 1 . Through practice one gets the power of vach (prophecy), and the power of going everywhere, through mere 
exertion of will. This Yoni-mudra should be kept in great secrecy, and not be given to everybody. Even 
when threatened with death, it should not be revealed or given to others. 

The Awakening of Kundalini. 

12. Now I shall tell you the best means of attaining success in Yoga. The practitioners should keep it secret. It is 
the most inaccessible Yoga. 

13. When the sleeping goddess Kundalini is awakened, through the grace of Guru, when all the lotuses and the 
bonds are readily pierced through and through. 

14. Therefore, in order that the goddess, who is asleep in the mouth of the Brahmarandhra (the innermost 
hollow of sushumna) be awakened, the mudras should be practiced with the greatest care. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter IV 

15. Out of the many mudras, the following ten are the best: (1) Mahamudra, (2) Mahabandha, (3) Mahavedha, 
(4) Khechari, (5) Jalandhar, (6) Mulabandha, (7) Viparitkarana, (8) Uddana, (9) Vajrondi, and (10) 

16. My dearest, I shall now describe to you the Mahamudra, from whose knowledge the ancient sages Kapila 
and others obtained success in Yoga. 

(1) Mahamudra. 

17. In accordance with the instructions of the Guru, press gently the perineum with the heel of the left foot. 
Stretching the right foot out, hold it fast by the two hands. Having closed the nine gates (of the body), place 
the chin on the chest. Then concentrate the vibrations of the mind and inspire air and retain it by kumbhaka 
(so long as one can comfortably keep it). This is the Mahamudra, held secret in all the Tantras. The 
steady-minded Yogi, having practiced it on the left side should then practice it on the right side; and in all 
cases must be firm in pranayama - the regulation of his breath. 

18. In this way, even the most unfortunate Yogi might obtain success. By this means all the vessels of the body 
are roused and stirred into activity; the life is increased and its decay is checked, and all sins are destroyed. 
All diseases are healed, and the gastric fire is increased. It gives faultless beauty to the body, and destroys 
decay and death. All fruits of desire and pleasure are obtained, and the senses are conquered. The Yogi 
fixed in meditation acquires all the above-mentioned things, through practice. There should be no 
hesitation in doing so. 

19. O ye worshipped of the gods! know that this mudra is to be kept secret with the greatest care. Obtaining 
this, the Yogi crosses the ocean of the world. 

20. This Mudra, described by me, is the giver of all desires to the practitioner; it should be practiced in secrecy, 
and ought never to be given to everybody. 

(2) Maha-Bandha. 

21. Then (after Mahamudra), having extended the (right) foot, place it on the (left) thigh; contract the 
perineum, and draw the apana vayu upwards and join it with the samana vayu; bend the prana vayu down- 
wards, and then let the wise Yogi bind them in trinity in the navel (i.e. the prana and the apana should be 
joined with the Samana in the navel. I have told you how the Mahabandha, which shows the way to 
emancipation. By this, all the fluids in the vessels of the body of the Yogi are propelled towards the head. 
This should be practiced with great care, alternately with both feet. 

22. Through this practice, the wind enters the middle channel of Sushumna, the body is invigorated by it, the 
bones are firmly knitted, the heart of the Yogi becomes full (of cheerfulness). By this Bandha, the great 
Yogi accomplishes all his desires. 

(3) Maha-Vedha. 

23. O goddess of the three worlds! when the Yogi, while performing the Mahabandha, causes the union of the 
prana and apana vayus and filling in the viscera with air drives it slowly towards the nates, it is called 

24. The best of the Yogis having, through the help of the vayu, pierced with this perforator the knot which is in 
the path of sushumna, should then pierce the knot of Brahma. 

25. He who practices this Mahavedha with great secrecy, obtains vayu-siddhi (success over the wind). It 
destroys decay and death. 

26. The gods residing in the chakras tremble owing to the gentle influx and efflux of air in pranayama; the 
great goddess, Kunali Maha Maya, is also absorbed in the mount Kailasa. 

27. The Mahamudra and Mahabandha become fruitless if they are not followed by Mahavedha; therefore, the 
Yogi should practices all these three successively with great care. 

28. He who practices these three daily four times with great care, undoubtedly conquers death within six 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter IV 

29. Only the siddha knows the importance of these three and no one else; knowing these, the practitioner 
obtains all success. 

30. This should be kept in great secrecy by the practitioner desirous of obtaining power; otherwise, it is certain 
that the coveted powers can never be obtained through the practice of Mudras. 

(4) Khechari. 

3 1 . The wise Yogi, sitting in vajrasana posture, in a place free from all disturbance, should firmly fix his gaze 
on the spot in the middle of the two eyebrows; and reversing the tongue backwards, fix it in the hollow 
under the epi-glottis, placing it with great care on the mouth of the well of nectar, {i.e. closing up the air 
passage). This mudra, described by me at the request of my devotees, is the Khecharimudra. 

32. O, my beloved! know this to be the source of all success, always practicing it let him drink the ambrosia 
daily. By this he obtains vigraha-siddhi (power over the microcosm), even as a lion over the elephant of 

33. Whether pure or impure, in whatever condition one may be, if success be obtained in Khechari, he becomes 
pure. There is no doubt of it. 

34. He who practices it even for a moment crosses the great ocean of sins, and having enjoyed the pleasures of 
Deva-world is born into a noble family. 

35. He who practices this Khecharimudra calmly and without laziness counts as seconds the period of hundred 

36. He who knows this Khecharimudra according to the instructions of his Guru, obtains the highest end, 
though immersed in great sins. 

37. O, ye adored of gods! this mudra, dear as life, should not be given to everybody; it should be kept concealed 
with great care. 

(5) Jalandhara. 

38. Having contracted the muscles of the throat press the chin on the breast. This is said to be the Jalandhara- 
Mudra. Even gods reckon it as inestimable. The fire in the region of the navel (i.e., the gastric juice) drinks 
the nectar which exudes out of the thousand-petalled lotus. (In order to prevent the nectar to be thus 
consumed), he should practice this bandha. 

39. Through this bandha, the wise Yogi himself drinks the nectar, and, obtaining immortality, enjoys the three 

40. This Jalandhara-bandha is the giver of success to the practitioner; the Yogi desirous of success should 
practice it daily. 

(6) Mula-bandha. 

41. Pressing well the anus with the heel, forcibly draw upwards the apana vayu slowly by practice. This is 
described as the Mula-bandha - the destroyer of decay and death. 

42. If, in the course of the practice of this mudra, the Yogi can unite the apana with the prana vayu, then it 
becomes of course the Yoni-mudra. 

43. He who has accomplished Yoni-mudra, what can he not accomplish in this world. Sitting in the padmas ana 
posture, free from idleness, the Yogi, leaving the ground, moves through the air, by the virtue of this mudra. 

44. If the wise Yogi is desirous of crossing the ocean of the world, let him practice this bandha in secret, in a 
retired place. 

(7) Viparit-karana. 

45. Putting the head on the ground, let him stretch out his legs upwards, moving them round and round. This is 
Viparit-karana, kept secret in all the Tantras. 

46. The Yogi who practices it daily for three hours, conquers death, and is not destroyed even in the pralaya. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter IV 

47. He who drinks nectar becomes equal to Siddhas; he who practices this bandha becomes an adept among 

(8) Uddana-bandha. 

48. When the intestines above and below the navel are brought to the left side, it is called Uddana-bandha - the 
destroyer of all sins and sorrows. The left side viscera of the abdominal cavity should be brought above the 
navel. This Uddana-bandha, the lion of the elephant of death. 

49. The Yogi, who practices it four times a day, purifies thereby his navel, through which the winds are 

50. By practicing it for six months, the Yogi certainly conquers death; the gastric fire is kindled, and there takes 
place an increase of the fluids of the body. 

5 1 . Through this, consequently, the vigrahasiddhi is also obtained. All the diseases of the Yogi are certainly 
destroyed by it. 

52. Having the method from the Guru, the wise Yogi should practice it with great care. This most inaccessible 
Mudra should be practiced in a retired and undisturbed place. 

(9) Vajrondi-mudra. 

53. Actuated by mercy for my devotees, I shall now explain the Vajrondi-mudra, the destroyer of the darkness 
of the world, the most secret among all secrets. 

54. Even while following all his desires, and without conforming to the regulations of Yoga, a householder can 
become emancipated, if he practices the Vajrondi-mudra. 

55. This Vajroliyoga practice gives emancipation even when one is immersed in sensuality; therefore it should 
be practiced by the Yogi with great care. 

56. First let the talented practitioner introduce into his own body, according to the proper methods, the germ- 
cells from the female organ of generation, by suction up through the tube of the urethra; restraining his own 
semen, let him practice copulation. If by chance the semen begins to move, let him stop its emission by the 
practice of the Yoni-mudra. Let him place the semen on the left hand duct, and stop further intercourse. 
After a while, let him continue it again. In accordance with the instruction of his preceptors and by uttering 
the sound hum, let him forcibly draw up through the contraction of the Apana Vayu the germ-cells from the 

57. The Yogi, worshipper of the lotus-feet of his Guru, should in order to obtain quick success in Yoga drink 
milk or nectar in this way. 

58. Know semen to be moon-like, and the germ-cells the emblem of sun; let the Yogi make their union in his 
own body with great care. 

59. I am the semen, Sakti is the germ fluid; when they both are combined, then the Yogi reaches the state of 
success, and his body becomes brilliant and divine. 

60. Ejaculation of semen is death, preserving it within is life; therefore, let the Yogi preserve his semen with 
great care. 

61. Verily, verily, men are born and die through semen; knowing this, let the Yogi always practice to preserve 
his semen. 

62. When through great efforts success in the preservation of the semen is obtained, what then cannot be 
achieved in this world? Through the greatness of its preservation one becomes like me in glory. 

63. The vindu (semen) causes the pleasure and pain of all creatures living in this world, who are infatuated, and 
are subject to death and decay. For the Yogi, this preservation of semen is the best of all Yogas, and it is 
the giver of happiness. 

64. Though immersed in enjoyments, men get powers through its practice. Through the force of his practice, 
he becomes an adept in due season, in his present life. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter IV 

65. The Yogi certainly obtains through this practice all kinds of powers, at the same time enjoying all the 
innumerable enjoyments of the world. 

66. This Yoga can be practiced along with much enjoyment; therefore the Yogi should practice it. 

67. There are two modifications of the Vajrondi, called Sahajoni and Amarani. By all means let the Yogi 
preserve the semen. 

68. If at the time of copulation the vindu is forcibly emitted, and there takes place an union of the sun and the 
moon, then let him absorb this mixture through the tube of the male organ [urethra]. This is Amarani. 

69. The method by which the vindu on the point of emission can be withheld through Yoni-mudra is called 
Sahajoni. It is kept secret in all the Tantras. 

70. Though ultimately the action of them {Amarani and Sahajoni) is the same, there are arisen differences 
owing to the difference of nomenclature. Let the Yogi practice them with the greatest care and 

71. Through love for my devotees, I have revealed this Yoga; it should be kept secret with the greatest care, and 
not be given to everybody. 

72. It is the most secret of all secrets that ever were or shall be; therefore let the prudent Yogi keep it with the 
greatest secrecy possible. 

73. When at the time of voiding urine the Yogi draws it up forcibly through the Apana- Vayu, and keeping it up, 
discharges it slowly and slowly; and practices this daily according to the instructions of his Guru, he obtains 
the vindu-siddhi (power over semen) that gives great powers. 

74. He who practices this daily according to the instructions of his Guru does not lose his semen, were he to 
enjoy a hundred women at a time. 

75. O Parvati! When vindu-siddhi is obtained, what else cannot be accomplished? Even the inaccessible glory 
of my godhead can be attained through it. 

(10) Shakti-chalan. 

76. Let the wise Yogi forcibly and firmly draw up the goddess Kundali sleeping in the adhar lotus, by means of 
the apana vayu. This is Shakti-chalan mudra, the giver of all powers. 

77. He who practices this Shakti-chalan daily, gets increase of life and destruction of diseases. 

78. Leaving sleep, the serpent (i.e. the Kundalini) herself goes up; therefore let the Yogi desirous of power 
practice this. 

79. He who practices always this best Shakti-chalan according to the instructions of his Guru, obtains the 
vigraha-siddhi, which gives the powers of anima, etc., and has no fear of death. 

80. He who practices the Shakti-chalan properly for two seconds, and with care, is very near to success. This 
mudra should be practiced by the Yogi in the proper posture. 

8 1 . These are the ten mudras whose equal there never was nor ever shall be: through the practice of any one of 
them, a person becomes a siddha and obtains success. 



1. Parvati. O Lord, O beloved Shankar! tell me, for the sake of those whose minds search after the supreme 
end, the obstacles and the hindrances to Yoga. 

2. Siva. Hear, O Goddess! I shall tell thee, all the obstacles that stand in the path of Yoga. For the attainment 
of emancipation, enjoyments (bhoga) are the greatest of all impediments. 

Bhoga (enjoyment). 

3. Women, beds, seats, dresses, and riches are obstacles to Yoga. Betels, dainty dishes, carriages, kingdoms, 
lordliness and powers; gold, silver, as well as copper, gems, aloe wood, and kine; learning the Vedas and 
Shastras; dancing, singing and ornaments; harp, flute and drum; riding on elephants and horses; wives and 
children, worldly enjoyments; all these are so many impediments. These are the obstacles which arise from 
bhoga (enjoyment). Hear now the impediments which arise from ritualistic religion. 

Dharma (ritualism of Religion). 

4. The following are the obstacles which dharma interposes: ablutions, worship of deities, observing the sacred 
days of the moon, fire sacrifice, hankering after moksha, vows and penances, fasts, religious observances, 
silence, the ascetic practices, contemplation and the object of contemplation, mantras, and alms-giving, 
world-wide fame, excavating and endowing of tanks, wells, ponds, convents and groves: sacrifices, vows of 
starvation, Chandrayana, and pilgrimages. 

Jnana (Knowledge-obstacles). 

5. Now I shall describe, O Parvati, the obstacles which arise from knowledge. Sitting in the gomukh posture 
and practicing dhauti (washing the intestines by hathayoga). Knowledge of the distribution of the nadis (the 
vessels of the human body), learning of pratyahara (subjugation of the senses), trying to awaken the 
kundalini force, by moving quickly the belly (a process of hathayoga), entering into the path of the indriyas, 
and knowledge of the action of the nadis; these are the obstacles. Now listen to the mistaken notions of 
diet, O Parvati. 

6. That samadhi (trance) can be at once induced by drinking certain new chemical essences and by eating 
certain kinds of food, is a mistake. Now hear about the mistaken notion of the influence of company. 

7. "Keep the company of the virtuous, and avoid that of the vicious" (is a mistaken notion). Measuring the 
heaviness and lightness of the inspired expired air (is an erroneous idea). 

8. Brahman is in the body or He is the maker of form, or He has a form, or He has no form, or He is 
everything - all these consoling doctrines are obstacles. Such notions are impediments in the shape of 
Jnana (knowledge). 

Four Kinds of Yoga. 

9. The Yoga is of four kinds: First mantrayoga, second hathayoga, third layayoga, fourth rajayoga, which 
discards duality. 

Sadhaks (Aspirants). 

10. Know that aspirants are of four orders - mild, moderate, ardent and the most ardent - the best who can 
cross the ocean of the world. 

(Mild) entitled to Mantrayoga. 

1 1 . Men of small enterprise, oblivious, sickly and finding faults with the teachers; avaricious, sinful gourmands, 
and attached helplessly to their wives; fickle, timid, diseased, not independent, and cruel; those whose 
characters are bad and who are weak - know all the above to be mild sadhaks. With great efforts such men 
succeed in twelve years; them the teachers should know fit for mantrayoga. 

(Moderate) entitled to Layayoga. 

12. Liberal-minded, merciful, desirous of virtue, sweet in their speech; who never go to extremes in any 
undertaking - these are the middling. These are to be initiated by the teacher in layayoga. 

The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

(Ardent) entitled to Hatha Yoga. 

13. Steady minded, knowing the Laya-Yoga, independent, full of energy, magnanimous, full of sympathy, 
forgiving, truthful, courageous, full of faith, worshippers of the lotus-feet of their Gurus, engaged always in 
the practice of Yoga - know such men to be adhimatra. They obtain success in the practice of Yoga within 
six years, and ought to be initiated in hathayoga and its branches. 

(The most ardent) entitled to all Yogas. 

14. Those who have the largest amount of energy, are enterprising, engaging, heroic, who know the Shastras, 
and are persevering, free from the effects of blind emotions, and, not easily confused, who are in the prime 
of their youth, moderate in their diet, rulers of their senses, fearless, clean, skillful, charitable, a help to all; 
competent, firm, talented, contented, forgiving, good-natured, religious, who keep their endeavors secret, of 
sweet speech, peaceful, who have faith in scriptures and are worshippers of God and Guru, who are averse 
to fritter away their time in society, and are free from any grievous malady, who are acquainted with the 
duties of the adhimatra, and are the practitioners of every kind of Yoga —undoubtedly, they obtain success 
in three years; they are entitled to be initiated in all kinds of Yoga, without any hesitation. 

Invocation of the shadow (pratikopasana). 

15. The invocation of Pratika (shadow) gives to the devotee the objects seen as well as unseen; undoubtedly, by 
its very sight, a man becomes pure. 

16. In a clear sun-lit sky, behold with a steady gaze your own divine reflection; whenever this is seen even for a 
single second in the sky, you behold God at once in the sky. 

17. He who daily sees his shadow in the sky, will get his years increased and will never die an accidental death. 

18. When the shadow is seen fully reflected in the field of the sky, then he obtains victory; and conquering the 
vayu, he goeseverywhere. 

How to invoke. 

18b. At the time of the rising sun, or by moon, let him steadily fix his gaze on the neck of the shadow he throws; 
then, after sometime, let him look into the sky; if he sees a full grey shadow in the sky, it is auspicious. 

19. He who always practices this and knows the Paramatma, becomes fully happy, through the grace of his 

20. At the time of commencing travel, marriage, or auspicious work, or when in trouble, it is of great use. This 
invocation of the shadow destroys sins and increases virtue. 

21. By practicing it always, he begins at last to see it in his heart, and the persevering Yogi gets liberation. 

Raj Yoga. 

22. Let him close the ears with his thumbs, the eyes with index fingers, the nostrils with the middle fingers, and 
with the reaming four fingers let him press together the upper and lower lips. The Yogi, by having thus 
firmly confined the air, sees his soul in the shape of light. 

23. When one sees, without obstruction, this light for even a moment, becoming free from sin, he reaches the 
highest end. 

24. The Yogi, free from sin, and practicing this continually, forgets his physical, subtle and causal bodies, and 
becomes one with that soul. 

25. He who practices this in secrecy, is absorbed in the Brahman, though he had been engaged in sinful works. 

26. This should be kept secret; it at once produces conviction; it gives nirvana to mankind. This is my most 
beloved Yoga. From practicing this gradually, the Yogi begins to hear the mystic sounds nadas. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

Anahad Sounds. 

27. The first sound is like the hum of the honey-intoxicated bee, next that of a flute, then a harp; after this, by 
gradual practice of Yoga, the destroyer of the darkness of the world, he hears the sounds of ringing bells; 
then sounds like roar of thunder. When one fixes his full attention on this sound, being free from fear, he 
gets absorption, O my beloved! 

28. When the mind of the Yogi is exceedingly engaged in this sound, he forgets all external things, ad is 
absorbed in this sound. 

29. By practice of Yoga he conquers all the three qualities (i.e., good, bad and indifferent); and being free from 
all states, he is absorbed in chidakas (the ether of intelligence). 

A Secret. 

30. There is no posture like that of Siddhasana, no power like that of kumbha, no mudra like the Khechari, and 
no absorption like that of nada (the mystic sound). 

3 1 . Now I shall describe to thee, O dear, the foretaste of salvation, knowing which even the sinful aspirant may 
obtain salvation. 

32. Having adored the Lord God properly, and having completely performed the best of the Yogas, and being in 
a calm and steady state and posture, let the wise Yogi initiate himself into this Yoga by pleasing his Guru. 

33. Having given all his cattle and property to the Guru who knows Yoga, and having satisfied him with great 
care, let the wise man receive this initiation. 

34. Having pleased the Brahmans (and priest), by giving them all kinds of good things, let the wise man receive 
this auspicious Yoga in my house {i.e., the temple of Shiva) with purity of heart. 

35. Having renounced by the above methods all his previous bodies (the results of his past karma), and being in 
his spiritual (or luminous) body, let the Yogi receive this highest Yoga. 

36. Sitting in the padmasana posture, renouncing the society of men, let the Yogi press the two vijnana nadis 
(vessels of consciousness, perhaps coronal arteries) with his two fingers. 

37. By obtaining success in this, he becomes all happiness and unstained; therefore, let him endeavor with all 
his might, in order to ensure success. 

38. He who practices this always, obtains success within a short time; he gets also vayu-siddha in course of 

39. The Yogi, who does it even once, verily destroys all sins; and undoubtedly in him the vayus enter the 
middle channel. 

40. The Yogi who practices this with perseverance is worshipped even by the gods; he receives the psychic 
powers of anima, laghima, etc., and can go everywhere, throughout the three worlds, at pleasure. 

41. According to the strength of one's practice in commanding the vayu, he gets command over his body; the 
wise, remaining in the spirit, enjoys the world in the present body. 

42. This Yoga is a great secret, and not to be given to everybody; it might be revealed to him only, in whom all 
qualifications of a Yogi are perceived. 

Various kinds of Dharana. 

43. Let the Yogi seat himself in the padmasana, and fix his attention on the cavity of the throat, let him place 
his tongue at the base of the palate; by this he will extinguish hunger and thirst. 

44. Below the cavity of the throat, there is a beautiful nadi (vessel) called kurma; when the Yogi fixes his 
attention on it, he acquires great concentration of the thinking principle (chitta). 

45. When the Yogi constantly thinks that he has got a third eye - the eye of Shiva - in the middle of his 
forehead, he then perceives a fire brilliant like lightening. By contemplating on this light, all sins are 
destroyed, and even the most wicked person obtains the highest end. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

46. If the experienced Yogi thinks of this light day and night, he sees the Siddhas (adepts 1 ), and can certainly 
converse with them. 

47. He who contemplates on sunya (void or vacuum or space), while walking or standing, dreaming or waking, 
becomes altogether ethereal, and is absorbed in the chid-akasa. 

48. The Yogi, desirous of success, should always obtain this knowledge; by habitual exercise he becomes equal 
to me; through the force of this knowledge, he becomes the beloved of all. 

49. Having conquered all elements, and being void of all hopes and worldly connections, when the Yogi sitting 
in the padmasana, fixes his gaze on the tip of the nose, his mind becomes dead and he obtains the spiritual 
power called Khechari. 

50. The great Yogi beholds light, pure as holy mountain (Kailas), and through the force of his exercise in it, he 
becomes the lord and guardian of the light. 

51. Stretching himself on the ground, let him contemplate on this light; by so doing all his weariness and 
fatigue are destroyed. By contemplating on the back part of his head, he becomes the conqueror of death. 
(We have described before the effect of fixing one's attention on the space between the two eyebrows, so it 
need not be enumerated here). 

52. Of the four kinds of food (i.e., that which is chewed, that which is sucked, that which is licked and that 
which is drunk), which a man takes, the chyle fluid is converted into three parts. The best part (or the finest 
extract of food) goes to nourish the linga sharira or subtle body (the seat of force). The second or middle 
part goes to nourish this gross body composed of seven dhatus (humours). 

53. The third or the most inferior part goes out of the body in the shape of excrement and urine. The first two 
essences of food are found in the nadis, and being carried by them, they nourish the body from head to foot. 

54. When the vayu moves through all the nadis, then, owing to this vayu, the fluids of the body get 
extraordinary force and energy. 

55. The most important of these nadis are fourteen, distributed in different parts of the body and performing 
various functions. They are either weak or strong, and the prana flows through them. 

The six Chakras. 

1 . Muladhar chakra. 

56. Two fingers above the rectum and two fingers below the linga, four fingers in width, is a space like a 
bulbous root. 

57. Between this space is the <yoni> having its face towards the back; that space is called the root; there dwells 
the goddess Kundalini. It surrounds all the <nadis>, and has three coils and a half; and catching its tail in 
its own mouth, it rests in the hole of the sushumna. 

58. It sleeps there like a serpent, and it is luminous by its own light. Like a serpent it lives between the joints; 
it is the goddess of speech, and is called the seed (vija). 

59. Full of energy, and like burning gold, know this Kundalini to be the power (shakti) of Vishnu; it is the 
mother of the three qualities - sattwa (rhythm), rajas (energy) and tamas (inertia). 

60. There, beautiful like the Bandhuk flower, is placed the seed of love lam; it is brilliant like burnished gold, 
and is described in Yoga as eternal. 

61. The sushumna also embraces it, and the beautiful seed is there; there it rests shining brilliantly like the 
autumnal moon, with the luminosity of millions of suns, and the coolness of millions of moons. The 
goddess Tripura Bhairavi has these three (fire, sun, and moon) taken together, and collectively she is called 
the vija. It is also called the great energy. 

This unfortunate term is influenced by Theosophy, a more correct translation would be "those who have attained success" 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

62. It (yija) is endowed with powers of action (motion) and sensation, and circulates throughout the body. It is 
subtle, and has a flame of fire; sometimes it rises up, and at other times it falls down into the water. This is 
the great energy which rests in the perinaem, and is called the swayambhu-linga (the self-born). 

63. All this is called the adhar-padma (the support lotus), and the four petals of it are designated by the letters 

(V), (d), (s,), (s). 

64. Near this Swayambhu-linga is a golden region called kula (family); its presiding adept is called Dviranda, 
and its presiding goddess called Dakini. In the centre of that lotus is the Yoni where resides the Kundalini; 
the circulating bright energy above that, is called kama-vija (the seed of love). The wise man who always 
contemplates on this Muladhar obtains Darduri-siddhi (the frog-jumping power); and by degrees he can 
altogether leave the ground {i.e., rise in the air). 

65. The brilliancy of the body is increased, the gastric fire becomes powerful, and freedom from disease, 
cleverness, and omniscience ensue. 

66. He knows what has been, what is happening, and what is to be, together with their causes; he masters the 
unheard of sciences together with their mysteries. 

67. On his tongue always dances the goddess of learning, he obtains mantra- siddhi (success in mantras), 
through constant repetition only. 

68. This is the dictum of the Guru: "It destroys old age, death, and troubles innumerable." The practitioner of 
pranayama ought always to meditate upon it; by its very contemplation, the great yogi is freed from all sins. 

69. When the Yogi contemplates this Muladhar lotus - the Swayambhu-linga - then, undoubtedly, at that very 
moment, all his sins are destroyed. 

70. Whatever the mind desires, he gets; by habitual exercise he sees him, who gives salvation, who is the best 
both in and out, and whois to be worshipped with great care. Better than Him, I know none. 

71. He who leaving the Siva who is inside, worships that which is outside (viz., worships external forms), is like 
one who throws away the sweetmeat in his hand, and wanders away in search of food. 

72. Let one thus meditate daily, without negligence, on his own Swayambhu-linga; and have no doubts that 
from this will come all powers. 

73. By habitual exercise, he gets success in six months; and undoubtedly his vayu enters the middle channel 
(the sushumna). 

1A. He conquers the mind, and can restrain his breath and his semen; then he gets success in this as well as the 
other world, without doubt. 

2. Swadhisthan Chakra. (Prostatic Plexus). 

75. The second chakra is situated at the base of the penis. It has six petals designated by the letters b, bh, m, y, 
r, 1. Its stalk is called Swadhisthan, the colour of the lotus is blood-red, its presiding adept is called Bala, 
and its goddess, Rakini. 

76. He who daily contemplates on this Swadhisthan lotus, becomes an object of love and adoration to all 
beautiful goddesses. 

77. He fearlessly recites the various Shastras and sciences unknown to him before; becomes free from all 
diseases, and moves throughout the universe fearlessly. 

78. Death is eaten by him, he is eaten by none; he obtains the highest psychic powers like anima, laghima, etc. 
The vayu moves equably throughout his body; the humours of his body are also increased; the ambrosia 
exuding from the ethereal lotus also increases in him. 

79. The third chakra, called Manipur, is situated near the navel; it is of golden colour, having ten petals 
designated by the letters d, dh, n, t, th, d, dh, n, p, ph. 

80. Its presiding adept is called Rudra - the giver of all auspicious things, and the presiding goddess of this 
place is called the most sacred Lakini. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

8 1 . When the Yogi contemplates on the Manipur lotus, he gets the power called the patal-siddhi - the giver of 
constant happiness, He becomes lord of desires, destroys sorrows and diseases, cheats death, and can enter 
the body of another. 

82. He can make gold, etc., see the adepts (clairvoyantly), discover medicines for diseases, and see hidden 

4. Anahat Chakra. 

83. In the heart, is the fourth chakra, the Anahat. It has twelve petals designated by the letters k, kh, g, gh, n, 
ch, chh, j, jh, n, t, th. Its colour is deep blood-red; it has the seed of vayu, yam, and is a very pleasant spot. 

84. In this lotus is a flame called vanlinga; by contemplating on this, one gets objects of the seen and the unseen 

85. Its presiding adept is Pinaki, and the Kakini is its goddess. He who always contemplates on this lotus of the 
heart is eagerly desired by celestial maidens. 

86. He gets immeasurable knowledge, knows the past, presentand future time; has clairaudience, clairvoyance 
and can walk in the air, whenever he likes. 

87. He sees the adepts, and the goddess known as Yoginis; obtains the power known as Khechari, and conquers 
all who move in the air. 

88. He who contemplates daily the hidden Banalinga, undoubtedly obtains the psychic powers called Khechari 
(moving in the air) and Bhuchari (going at will all over the world). 

89. I cannot fully describe the importance of the meditation of this lotus; even the Gods Brahma, etc., keep the 
method of its contemplation secret. 

5. Vishuddha Chakra. 

90. This chakra situated in the throat, is the fifth, and is called the Vishuddha lotus. Its colour is like brilliant 
gold, and it is adorned with sixteen petals and is the seat of the vowel sounds (i.e., its sixteen petals are 
designated by the sixteen vowels - a, a, i, i, u, u, ri, ri, lri, lri, e, ai, o, au, am, ah.). Its presiding adept is 
called Chhagalanda, and its presiding goddess is called Sakini. 

91. He who always contemplates it, is truly the lord of the Yogis, and deserves to be called wise; by the 
meditation of this Vishuddha lotus, the Yogi at once understands the four Vedas with their mysteries. 

92. When the Yogi, fixing his mind on this secret spot, feels angry, then undoubtedly all three worlds begin to 

93. Even, if by chance, the mind of the Yogi is absorbed in this place, then he becomes unconscious of the 
external world, and enjoys certainly the inner world. 

94. His body never grows weak, and he retains his full strength for a thousand years, it becomes harder than 

95. When the Yogi leaves off this contemplation, then to him in this world, thousands of years, appear as so 
many moments. 

6. Ajha Chakra. 

96. The two-petalled Chakra, called the Ajha, is situated between the two eye-brows, and has the letters h and 
ksh; its presiding adept is called Shukla Mahakala (the White Great Time); its presiding goddess is called 

97. Within that petal, there is the eternal bija (the syllable tham), brilliant as the autumnal moon. The wise 
anchorite, by knowing this, is never pulled down. 

98. This is the great light held secret in all the Tantras; by contemplating on this, one obtains the highest 
success, there is no doubt of it. 

99. I am the giver of salvation, I am the third linga in the turiya (the state of ecstasy, also the name of the 
thousand-petalled lotus). By contemplating on this, the Yogi becomes certainly like me. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

100. The two vessels called the ida and the pingala are the real Varana and Asi. The space between them is 
called Varanasi (Benares, the holy city of Siva). There it is said that the Vishwanatha (the Lord of the 
universe) dwells. 

101. The greatness of this holy place has been declared in manifold scriptures by the truth-perceiving sages. Its 
great secret has been very eloquently dwelt upon by them. 

7. The Thousand-Petalled Lotus. 

102. The sushumna goes along the spinal cord up to where the Brahmarandhra (the hole of Brahma) is situated. 
Thence by a certain flexure, it goes to the right side of the Ajha lotus, whence it proceeds to the left nostril, 
and is called the Ganges. 

103. The lotus which is situated in the Brahmarandhra is called Sahasrara (the thousand-petalled). In the space 
in its centre, dwells the moon. From the triangular place, elixir is continually exuding. This moon-fluid of 
immortality unceasingly flows through the ida. The elixir flows in a stream - a continuous stream. Going 
to the left nostril, it receives from the Yogis the name of the "Ganges." 

104. From the right-side portion of the Ajha lotus and going to the left nostril flows the ida. It is here called 
Varana (the northward-flowing Ganges). 

105. Let the Yogi contemplate on the space between the two {ida and pingala) as Varanasi (Benares). The 
pingala also comes in the same way from the left side portion of the Ajha lotus, and goes to the right nostril, 
and has been called by us the Asi. 

106. The lotus which is situated in the Muladhar has four petals. In the space between them, dwells the sun. 

107. From that sphere of the sun, poison exudes continuously. That excessively heating venom flows through the 

108. The venom (sun-fluid of mortality) which flows there continuously in a stream goes to the right nostril, as 
the moon-fluid of immortality goes to the left. 

109. Rising from the left-side of the Ajha lotus and going to the right nostril, this northward flowing pingala has 
been called of old the Asi. 

110. The two-petalled Ajha lotus has been thus described where dwells the God Maheshwara. The Yogis 
described three more sacred stages above this. They are called vindu, nada and sakti, and are situated in the 
lotus of the forehead. 

111. He who always contemplates on the hidden Ajha lotus, atonce destroys all the karmas of his past life, 
without any opposition. 

112. Remaining in this place, when the Yogi meditates constantly, then to him all forms, worships and prayers 
appear as worthless. 

113. The Yakshas, Rakshashas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, and Kinnaras, all serve at his feet. They become obedient 
to his command. 

1 14. By reversing the tongue and placing it in the long hollow of the palate, let the Yogi enter into 
contemplation, that destroys all fears. All his sins, whose mind remains steady here even for a second, are at 
once destroyed. 

115. All the fruits which have been described above as resulting from the contemplation of the other five lotuses, 
are obtained through the knowledge of this one Ajha lotus alone. 

116. The wise one, who continually practices contemplation of this Ajha lotus, becomes free from the mighty 
chain of desires, and enjoys happiness. 

1 17. When at the time of death, the Yogi contemplates on this lotus, leaving this life, that holy one is absorbed in 
the Paramatma. 

118. He who contemplates on this, standing or walking, sleeping or waking, is not touched by sins, even if it 
were possible for him to do sinful works. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

119. The Yogi becomes free from the chain by his own exertion. The importance of the contemplation of the 
two-petalled lotus cannot be fully described. Even the gods like Brahma, etc., have learnt only a portion of 
its grandeur from me. 

120. Above this, at the base of the palate, is the thousand-petalled lotus, in that part where the hole of that 
sushumna is. 

121. From the base or root of the palate, the sushumna extendsdownwards, till it reaches the Muladhar and the 
perineum: all vessels surround it, or are supported by it. These nadis are the seeds of mystery, or the sources 
of all principles which constitute a man, and show the road to Brahma {i.e. give salvation). 

122. The lotus which is at the root of the palate is called the Sahasrar (the thousand-petalled); in its centre, there 
is a yoni (seat or force-centre) which has its face downwards. 

123. In that is the root of the sushumna, together with its hole; this is called the Brahmarandhra (the hole of 
Brahma), extending up to the Muladhar padma. 

124. In that hole of the sushumna there dwells as its inner force the Kundalini. In the sushumna there is also a 
constant current of force called chitra, its actions or modifications should be called, in my opinion as 

Brahmarandhra, etc. 

125. By simply remembering this, one obtains the knowledge of Brahman, all sins are destroyed, and one is 
never born again as man. 

126. Let him thrust the moving thumb into its mouth : by this the air, which flows through the body, is stopped. 

127. Owing to this (vayu) man wanders in the circle of the universe; the Yogis, therefore, do not desire to keep 
up this circulation; all the nadis are bound by eight knots; only this Kundalini can pierce these knots and 
pass out of the Brahmarandhra, and show the way to salvation. 

128. When the air is confined full in all the vessels, then the Kundalini leaves these knots and forces its way out 
of the Brahmarandhra. 

129. Then the vital air continually flows in the sushumna. On the right and the left side of the Muladhar, are 
situated the ida and the pingala. The Sushumna passes through the middle of it. 

1 30. The hollow of the sushumna in the sphere of the adhar is called the Brahmarandhra. The wise one who 
knows this is emancipated from the chain of karma. 

131. All these three vessels meet certainly at the mouth of the Brahmarandhra; by bathing at this place one 
certainly obtains salvation. 

The Sacred Triveni (Prayag). 

132. Between the Ganges and the Jamuna, flows this saraswati: by bathing at their junction, the fortunate one 
obtains salvation. 

133. We have said before that the ida is the Ganges and the pingala is the daughter of the sun (the Jamuna), in 
the middle the sushumna is the saraswati; the place where all three join is a most inaccessible one. 

134. He who performs mental bathing at the junction of the White (ida) and the Black (pingala) becomes free 
from all sins, and reaches the eternal Brahma. 

135. He who performs the funeral rites of his ancestors at the junction of these three rivers (Triveni) procures 
salvation for his ancestors and himself reaches the highest end. 

136. He who daily performs the threefold duties (i.e., the regular, occasional and optional ones) by mentally 
meditating on this place, receives the unfading reward. 

137. He who once bathes at this sacred place enjoys heavenly felicity, his manifold sins are burned, he becomes a 
pure-minded Yogi. 

138. Whether pure or impure, in whatever state one might be, by performing ablution at this mystic place, he 
becomes undoubtedly holy. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

139. At the time of death let him bathe himself in the water of this Triveni (the Trinity of rivers): he who dies 
thinking on this, reaches salvation then and there. 

140. There is no greater secret than this throughout the three worlds. This should be kept secret with great care. 
It ought never to be revealed. 

141. If the mind becomes steadily fixed even for half a second at the Brahmarandhra, one becomes free from sins 
and reaches the highest end. 

142. The holy Yogi whose mind is absorbed in this, is absorbed in me after having enjoyed the powers called 
anima, laghima, etc. 

143. The man knowing this Brahmarandhra, becomes my beloved in this world; conquering sins, he becomes 
entitled to salvation; by spreading knowledge, he saves thousands of people. 

144. The Four-faced and gods can hardly obtain this knowledge, it is the most invaluable treasure of the Yogis; 
this mystery of the Brahmarandhra should be kept a great secret. 

The Moon of Mystery. 

145. I have said before that there is a force-centre (yoni) in the middle of the Sahasrara; below that is the moon; 
let the wise contemplate this. 

146. By contemplating on this the Yogi becomes adorable in this world, and is respected by gods and adepts. 

147. In the sinus of the forehead let him contemplate on the ocean of milk; from that place let him meditate on 
the moon, which is in the Sahasrara. 

148. In the sinus of the forehead there is the nectar-containing moon, having sixteen digits (kalas, i.e, full). Let 
him contemplate on this stainless one. By constant practice, he sees it in three days. By merely seeing it, 
the practitioner burns all his sins. 

149. The future reveals itself to him, his mind becomes pure; and though he might have committed the five great 
sins, by a moment's contemplation of this he destroys them. 

150. All the heavenly bodies (planets, etc.,) become auspicious, all dangers are destroyed, all accidents are 
warded off, success is obtained in war; the Khechari and the Bhuchari powers are acquired by the seeing of 
the moon which is in the head. By mere contemplation on it all these results ensue, there is no doubt of it. 
By constant practice of Yoga one verily becomes an adept. Verily, verily, again most verily, he becomes 
certainly my equal. The continual study of the science of Yoga, gives success to the Yogis. 

Here ends the description of the Ajhapura Chakra. 

The Mystic Mount Kailas. 

151. Above this {i.e., the lunar sphere) is the brilliant thousand-petalled lotus. It is outside this microcosm of the 
body, it is the giver of salvation. 

152. Its name is verily the Kailas mount, where dwells the great Lord (Shiva), who is called Nakula and is 
without destruction, and without increase or decrease. 

153. Men, as soon as they discover this most secret place, become free from re-births in this universe. By the 
practice of this Yoga he gets the power of creating or destroying the creation, this aggregate of elements. 

154. When the mind is steadily fixed at this place, which is the residence of the Great Swan and is called Kailas, 
then that Yogi, devoid of disease and subduing all accidents, lives for a great age, free from death. 

155. When the mind of the Yogi is absorbed in the Great God called the Kula, then the fullness of the samadhi is 
attained, then the Yogi gets steadfastness. 

156. By constant meditation one forgets the world, then in sooth the Yogi obtains wonderful power. 

157. Let the Yogi continually drink the nectar which flows out of it; by this he gives law to death, and conquers 
the kula. Here the kula kundalini force is absorbed, after this the quadruple creation is absorbed in the 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 
The Raja Yoga. 

158. By this knowledge, the modifications of the mind are suspended, however active they may be; therefore, let 
the Yogi untiringly and unselfishly try to obtain this knowledge. 

159. When the modifications of the thinking principle are suspended, then one certainly becomes a Yogi; then is 
known the Indivisible, holy, pure Gnosis. 

160. Let him contemplate on his own reflection in the sky as beyond the Cosmic Egg: in the manner previously 
described. Through that let him think on the Great Void unceasingly. 

161. The Great Void, whose beginning is void, whose middle is void, whose end is void, has the brilliancy of 
tens of millions of suns, and the coolness of tens of millions of moons. By contemplating continually on 
this, one obtains success. 

162. Let him practice with energy daily this dhyana, within a year he will obtain all success undoubtedly. 

163. He whose mind is absorbed in that place even for a second, is certainly a Yogi, and a good devotee, and is 
reverenced in all worlds. 

164. All his stores of sins are at once verily destroyed. 

165. By seeing it one never returns to the path of this mortal universe; let the Yogi, therefore, practice this with 
great care by the path of the Swadhisthan. 

166. I cannot describe the grandeur of this contemplation. He who practices, knows. He becomes respected by 

167. By meditation one at once knows the wonderful effects of this Yoga {i.e., of the contemplation of the void); 
undoubtedly he attains the psychic powers, called anima and laghima, etc. 

168. Thus have I described the Raja Yoga, it is kept secret in all the Tantras; now I shall describe to you briefly 
the Rajadhiraj Yoga. 

The Rajadhiraj Yoga. 

169. Sitting in the Svastikasana, in a beautiful monastery, free from all men and animals, having paid respects to 
his Guru, let the Yogi practice this contemplation. 

170. Knowing through the arguments of the Vedanta that the Jiva is independent and self-supported, let him 
make his mind also elf-supported; and let him not contemplate anything else. 

171. Undoubtedly, by this contemplation the highest success (maha-siddhi) is obtained, by making the mind 
functionless; he himself becomes perfectly Full. 

172. He who practices this always, is the real passionless Yogi, he never uses the word "I", but always finds 
himself full of atman. 

173. What is bondage, what is emancipation? To him ever all is one; undoubtedly, he who practices this always, 
is the really emancipated. 

174. He is the Yogi, he is the true devotee, he is worshipped in all worlds, who contemplates the Jivatma and the 
Paramatma as related to each other as "I" and "Am", who renounces "I" and "Thou" and contemplates the 
indivisible; the Yogi free from all attachment takes shelter of that contemplation in which, through the 
knowledge of super-imposition and negation, all is dissolved. 

175. Leaving that Brahma, who is manifest, who is knowledge, who is bliss, and who is absolute consciousness, 
the deluded wander about, vainly discussing the manifested and the unmanifested. 

176. He who meditates on this movable and immovable universe, that is really unmanifest, but abandons the 
supreme Brahma - directly manifest - is verily absorbed in this universe. 

177. The Yogi, free from all attachment, consistently exerts himself in keeping up this practice that leads to 
Gnosis, so that there may not be again the upheaval of Ignorance. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

178. The wise one, by restraining all his senses from their objects, and being free from all company, remains in 
the midst of these objects, as if in deep sleep, i.e., does not perceive them. 

179. Thus constantly practicing the Self-luminous becomes manifest: here end all the teachings of the Guru, 
(they can help the student no further). Henceforth he must help himself, they can no more increase his 
reason or power, henceforth by the mere force of his own practice he must gain the Gnosis. 

1 80. That Gnosis from which the speech and mind turn back baffled, is only to be obtained through practice; for 
then this pure Gnosis bursts forth of itself. 

181. The hathayoga cannot be obtained without the rajayoga, nor can the rajayoga be obtained without the 
hathayoga. Therefore, let the Yogi first learn the hathayoga from the instructions of the wise Guru. 

1 82. He who, while living in this physical body, does not practice Yoga, is merely living for the sake of sensual 

183. From the time he begins till the time he gains perfect mastery, let the Yogi eat moderately and 
abstemiously, otherwise, however clever, he cannot gain success. 

184. The wise Yogi in an assembly should utter words of highest good, but should not talk much: he eats a little 
to keep up his physical frame; let him renounce the company of men, let him renounce the company of men, 
verily, let him renounce all company: otherwise he cannot attain mukti (salvation); verily, I tell you the 

185. Let him practice this in secrecy, free from the company of men, in a retired place. For the sake of 
appearance, he should remain in society, but should not have his heart in it. He should not renounce the 
duties of his profession, caste or rank; but let him perform these merely, as an instrument of the Lord, 
without any thought of the event. By thus doing there is no sin. 

1 86. Even the house-holder {grihastha), by wisely following this method, may obtain success, there is no doubt of 

187. Remaining in the midst of the family, always doing the duties of the house-holder, he who is free from 
merits and demerits, and has restrained his senses, attain s salvation. The householder practicing Yoga is 
not touched by sins, if to protect mankind he does any sin, he is not polluted by it. 

The Mantra (Om, Aim, Klim, Strim). 

188. Now I shall tell you the best of practices, the japa of mantra: from this, one gains happiness in this as well 
in the world beyond this. 

189. By knowing this highest of the mantras, the Yogi certainly attains success {siddhi): this gives all power and 
pleasure to the one-pointed Yogi. 

190. In the four-petalled Muladhar lotus is the bija of speech, brilliant as lightening {i.e., the syllable aim). 

191. In the heart is the bija of love, beautiful as the bandhuk flower {klim). In the space between the two eye- 
brows {i.e., in the Ajna lotus), is the bija of Sakti {strim), brilliant as tens of millions of moons. These three 
seeds should be kept secret - they give enjoyment and emancipation. Let the Yogi repeat these three 
mantras {i.e., Om, aim, klim, and strim) and try to attain success. 

192. Let him learn this mantra from his Guru, let him repeat it neither too fast nor too slowly, keeping the mind 
free from all doubts, and understanding the mystic relation between the letters of the mantra. 

193. The wise Yogi, intently fixing his attention on this mantra, performing all the duties peculiar to his caste, 
should perform one hundred thousand horns (fire sacrifices), and then repeat this mantra three hundred 
thousand times in the presence of the Goddess Tripura. 

194. At the end of this sacred repetition {japa), let the wise Yogi again perform horn, in a triangular hollow, with 
sugar, milk, butter and the flower of karari (oleander). 

195. By this performance of Homa-Japa-Homa, the Goddess Tripura Bhairavi, who has been propitiated by the 
above mantra, becomes pleased, and grants all the desires of the Yogi. 


The Siva Samhita - Chapter V 

196. Having satisfied the Guru and having received this highest of mantras, in the proper way, and performing 
its repetition in the way laid down, with mind concentrated, even the most heavy-burdened with past 
Karmas attains success. 

197. The Yogi, who having controlled his senses, repeats this mantra one hundred thousand times, gains the 
power of attracting others. 

198. By repeating it two lacs of times he can control all persons - they come to him as freely as women go to a 
pilgrimage. They give him all that they possess, and remain always under his control. 

199. By repeating this mantra three lacs of times, all the deities presiding over the spheres as well as the spheres, 
are brought under his dominion. 

200. By repeating this six lacs of times, he becomes the vehicle of power - yea, the protector of the world - 
surrounded by servants. 

201. By repeating this twelve lacs of times, the lords of Yakshas, Rakshas and Nagas come under his control; all 
obey his command constantly. 

202. By repeating this fifteen lacs of times, the Siddhas, the Viddyadharas, the Gandharvas, the Apsaras come 
under the control of the Yogi. There is no doubt of it. He attains immediately the knowledge of all audition 
and thus all-knowinghood. 

203. By repeating this eighteen lacs of times, he, in his body, can rise from the ground: he attains verily the 
luminous body; he goes all over the universe, wherever he likes; he sees the pores of the earth, i.e., he sees 
the interspaces and the molecules of this solid earth. 

204. By repeating this 28 lacs of times, he becomes the lord of the Viddyadharas, the wise Yogi becomes kama- 
rupi {i.e., can assume what-ever form he desires). By repeating these thirty lacs of times he becomes equal 
to Brahma and Vishnu. He becomes a Rudra, by sixty lac repetitions, by eighty lac repetitions he becomes 
all-enjoyer, by repeating one tens of millions of times, the great Yogi is absorbed in the Pram Brahman. 
Such a practitioner is hardly to be found throughout the three worlds. 

205. O Goddess! Shiva, the destroyer of Tripura, is the One first and highest cause. The wise attains Him, who 
is unchanging, undecaying, all peace, immeasurable and free from all ills - the Highest Goal. 

206. O Great Goddess! this science of Shiva is a great science (mahavidya), it had always been kept secret. 
Therefore, this science revealed by me, the wise should keep secret. 

207. The Yogi, desirous of success, should keep the hatha yoga as a great secret. It becomes fruitful while kept 
secret, revealed it loses power. 

208. The wise one, who reads it daily from beginning to end, undoubtedly, gradually obtains success in Yoga. He 
attains emancipation who honours it daily. 

209. Let this science be recited to all holy men, who desire emancipation. By practice success is obtained, 
without it how can success follow? 

210. Therefore, the Yogi should perform Yoga according to the rules of practice. He who is contented with what 
he gets, who restrains his senses, being a householder, who is not absorbed in the household duties, 
certainly attains emancipation by the practice of Yoga. 

211. Even the lordly house-holders obtain success by japa, if they perform the duties of Yoga properly. Let, 
therefore, a householder also exert in Yoga (his wealth and condition of life are no obstacles in this). 

212. Living in the house amidst wife and children, but being free from attachments to them, practicing Yoga in 
secrecy, a householder even finds marks of success (slowly crowning his efforts), and thus following this 
teaching of mine, he ever lives in blissful happiness. 

Key entry by M.P.Munro; January 2000.